Composing Music by William Russo: Chapter 16 (part 1)

"Minimalism means using less to achieve more." - Russo, Composing Music, pg. 199. 


In the final chapter of Composing Music, we will explore several minimalistic musical procedures.


Pointillism is the procedure of dividing a melody between two or more instruments.


Heterophony happens when a melody and its embellished form are played simultaneously. Sometimes, the embellished melody is rhythmically altered/displaced.